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2010年08月06日  

2010-08-06 23:15:45|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 5  Music

1.______ n.音乐家 ______ n.音乐 _______adj,音乐的2._____vt.假装;假扮3.______ vt.&v/.系上;缚上;附加;连接4.______vt.(使)组成;形成;构成_____ n.形式,形状;种类;表格5._____ n.过路人;行人______n.(pl.)6.______v.赚;挣得;获得7.______ vt.&vi.表演;履行;执行___n.表演;演奏____n.表演者8.______ n.百万富翁;富豪 ______n,百万9._____ n.男演员;行动者_____n.女演员 _____n,行动 ______ n.活动_____vi,行动;做事10.______ vi依赖;依靠______adj.可靠的;可信赖的11.______n.广播;播放______vi.&vt.广播;播放12. ______adj.幽默的;诙谐的 _____ n.幽默;幽默感13. ____adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的14. _____ adj,吸引人的;有吸引力的 ____ vt.吸引;引起______ n.吸引,吸引力15. _____n.加;增加;加法 _____vt.加,增加16._____adj.自信的;确信的 _____n.自信17._____adj.简短的;简要的______n.摘要;大纲______ adv.简要地;短暂地18.______ n.投入;热爱______ vt.献身于;投入19. ______n.邀请;招待______ vt.邀请20._____ adj.痛苦的;疼痛的_____ n.痛苦21.____ vt.赚,挣;赢得;获得1.dream ______ 梦见;梦想;设想2._____ be honest说实在地;实话说3.attach.…____认为有(重要性、意义);附上;连接4.play jokes____ 戏弄5.rely _____ 依赖;依靠6. be/get familiar_____ 熟悉;与……熟悉起来7.or ____ 大约8.break _____ 打碎;分裂;解体9.______ addition另外;也10.sort_____ 分类11._____all最重要;首先

考点突破:1. The musicians of_____the band was formed____  ____ _____ each other as well as played music.

组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。

2. They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to______them.

他们非常走红使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。

1.Do you sing karaoke and pretend you area famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan?你唱卡拉OK时是否假装自己就像宋:或刘欢一样著名的歌星吗?

pretend to do sth.假装做某事;pretend to be doing sth.假装在做某事;pretend to have done sth.假装做过某事

pretend that.假装……

①Certainly I cannot pretend to know special knowledge of electronics.当然我不能说掌握了电子学的专门知识。

②He pretended to be reading an important paper when the boss came in.老板进来时他假装在看一份重要的文件。

③His friend pretended to have had his lunch.他朋友假装吃过午饭了。

④They are going to pretend that they are cowboys. 他打算假装牛仔。

即景活用:①She pretended ____me when I passed by.  A. not to see   B. not seeing C. to not see D. having not seen

②I don't believe what she told us about meeting John. I think she is____ it up.

A. making    B.taking C. pretending    D. weaving

2.To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous.说实在的,很多人把名和利看得很重。(l)to be honest说实在地;实话说,一般用于句首,作状语.

To be honest,I'd rather stay at home than go dancing.说实话,我宁愿待在家里也不愿去跳舞。

to be honest的同义短语有:to be honest with坦白地说;老实告诉你(通常位于句首);honestly speaking老实说;to tell you the truth说实话,老实说 ①To be honest with you, I don't think you can pass the exam.跟你说实话,我认为你不能通过考试。②Speaking honestly, I do appreciate the All Britain Lawn Tennis Tournament.说真地,我非常欣赏“全英草地网球锦标赛”。③To tell you the truth, I was just thinking of that. 说实话,我也正在考虑这件事。

(2) attach... to.认为……有重要性;附属,属于;系上

attach sth.to sth.将……与…相联系;attach one's name to在……上签名;attach oneself to依附;参加(党派);attach to认为有(重要性、意义等);(使)相关;(使)牵连;(使)依附;be attached to附属于,喜爱

①You should attach importance to what he said.你必须重视他所说的话。

②He attached his name to the papers.他在文件上签了名。

③He attached himself to the expedition.他参加了那支探险队。

④A11 blame for the accident must attach to myself.事故的一切责任应由我自己承担。

⑤The hospital is attached to that university.这医院附属于那所大学。

特别提醒:attach to.中的to是介词。

即景活用:①______,I don't want to make friends with him.

A. Honest speaking       B. To be honest C. Being honest to you      D. To be honestly

②Franklin's ability to learn from observations and experience ______ greatly to his success in public life.

A. owed              B. contributed    C. attached             D. related

③Good ads _______on the radio or TV often use words _______ people attach positive meanings.

A. are broadcast; to which            B. broadcasting; for which

C. which are broadcast; for which      D. broadcast; to which

3. But just how do people form a band? 然而人们如何组建乐队呢?

form  n.形状,形态,外形;表格,形式vt.&vi.(使)组成;行成;构成;排列;养成;培养

in form形式上,情况良好;in the form of以……的形式,呈……状态; take the form of 采取……的形状;表现为……的形式; form the habit of养成……的习惯

①She dislikes any form of exercise. 她不喜欢任何形式的锻炼。

②One of the most important tasks for al school is to help and promote to form a child's character.

学校的一个重要任务就是帮助和促进儿童个性的养成。

③Water vapor is water in the form of a gas.水蒸气是气态的水

④This disease takes the form of high fever and sickness.这种病以发高烧和呕吐的症状出现。

⑤To be well-informed, we should form the habit of reading newspapers and magazines.

要想见识广,就应当养成经常阅读报纸和杂志的习惯。

即景活用:----Have you ____my films? I want to have a look at my photos. ---- Not yet. I will do as soon as possible.

A. seen    B.formed    C.developed    D.studied

4.Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.有时他们可能在街上或地铁里为过路者演奏,这样他们可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。

earn vt.赚;挣得;获得①作“赚钱;谋生;博得;得到”讲时,后面不使用介词。②作“使得到;使赢得”讲时,后可跟双宾语。 ③earn one's living (one's bread)谋生;维持生计

①They could not earn enough money to maintain themselves.他们那时赚的钱养活不了他们自己。

②His honesty earned him great respect.他因诚实而博得人们的爱戴。

③He earns his living by selling postcards to tourists.他的谋生手段是向游客出售明信片。

易混辨析:earn, gain与Win

earn指为了钱而工作而且含有这些报酬是应得的之意。win指在竞争、战争、比赛中获胜,并可能由此得到奖赏。

gain指获得有用或需要的东西。①At most I might earn 50 pounds a night.我一晚上顶多挣50英镑。②We shall win greater victories in the future.我们将取得更大的胜利。③The man gained a lot in the business, but he lost the respect of his friends.那个人做这买卖赚了很多钱,但他却失去了朋友们对他的尊敬。

特别提醒:earn one's living= make a living谋生

即景活用:He can ______ $ 3000 a year by writing stories and support a family of three children.

A. spare          B. afford               C. earn       D. charge

5.The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music,most of which was based loosely on the Beatles,组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。这些玩笑和音乐大多都在模仿“甲壳虫”乐队。

play jokes on. /play a joke on.开(某人的)玩笑;戏弄

①He likes playing jokes on his little sister.他喜欢与他的小妹妹开玩笑。

②One of the pupils played a joke on his teacher.一个学生给老师开了一个玩笑。

易混辨析:play a joke on, make fun of与laugh at

play a joke on开玩笑;说逗人发笑的话;戏弄(经常是善意的);make fun of开玩笑;取笑(可以是善意的,也可以是恶意的);laugh at嘲笑;取笑(别人的缺点、毛病、残疾等)

①The students often play jokes on each other after class.下课后学生们经常互相取笑。

②Why did fate make such fun of her?为什么命运如此捉弄她?

③They laugh at him for his being stupid.他们都嘲笑他的愚蠢。

易混辨析:play a trick on sb.戏弄某人;have a joke with sb.与某人说笑话;make a joke about/of.…拿……开玩笑;joke about拿……开玩笑

①Don't play a trick on innocent people.不要作弄天真老实的人。

② He is someone I have an occasional chat and joke with.我偶尔跟他闲聊,一起说笑话。

③Gradually she learned to make a joke of all these hardships.逐步地,她把这些困难都不当一回事了。

④Please do not joke about such a delicate subject.请不要拿这样敏感的问题开玩笑。

即景活用:What do you think of the jokes he _____on the poor young man?

A. made    B.played   C.had    D.did

6.They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them.他们非常走红使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。

be/get familiar with sb./sth对……熟悉,精通……

He is familiar with the rules of basketball. 他熟悉篮球规则。

用法拓展:be familiar to sb.某物为某人所熟悉;be similar to与……相似

These tales are familiar to Chinese children.这些故事对中国小孩而言是很熟悉的。

Her job is broadly similar to mine.她的工作大体与我的相似。

即景活用:Your face seems _____.I've probably met you here in the old days.

A. familiar    B.known   C.similar    D.alike

7.What do you think...?你认为……怎样?

“疑问词+ do you think/believe/suppose/imagine...”句型中,do you think是插入语,其后的部分用陈述语序,意为“你认为……怎么样?”.What do you think has happened to him? 你以为他发生了什么事?

易混辨析:I think/believe/suppose/imagine/expect+宾语从句,意为“我认为……”。

I don't think/believe/suppose/imagine/expect+宾语从句,意为“我认为……不”。

I think/believe/suppose/imagine/expect so.我认为这样。

I don't think/believe/suppose/imagine/expect so.=I think/believe/suppose/imagine/expect not. 我认为不是这样。

I hope so/not。希望这样/不是这样。  I'm afraid so/not.恐怕这样/不是这样。

I guess so/not.我猜是这样/不是这样。

①I don't think anyone in the restaurant knew what had happened.

我认为饭店里没人知道所发生的事情。

②---Do you believe he can do such a silly thing?你认为他会做这种傻事吗? ---I hope not.我希望没有。

即景活用:---You haven't lost the ticket, have you?----______ .I know it's not easy to get another one at the moment.

A.I hope not  B.Yes,I  have  C.I hope so  D. Yes, I'm afraid so

8.Above all, just have fun!最重要的是,玩开心点。

above all尤其是,最重要的是He loves music, and above all classical music.他喜欢音乐,尤其是古典音乐。

用法拓展:after all毕竟;总之;到底,终究;first of all首先;in all共计;at all根本,全然;究竟

Don't get discouraged by setbacks; we are new to the work after all. 别因挫折而灰心,毕竟我们是刚刚接触这工作。

Bob thought he couldn't go to the party because he had too much homework, but he went after all.

虽然鲍勃因有太多的家庭作业而觉得不能参加聚会,但他最终还是去了。

One will be judged by one's speech first of all.首先,察其言而知其人。

There were in all a hundred persons present.共有100人到场。

I don't agree with you at all.我完全不同意你的看法。

即景活用:I thought I was going to fail the exam, but I passed____。

A. above all               B. after all   C. in all                D. first of all

语法讲练:介词十关系代词引导的定语从句

介词十关系代词引导的定语从句中,关系代词指人时用whom,指物时用which,不可以用who或者that。若介词置于定语从句末,which/whom可换为that/who,也可省略引导词。

1.介词由定语从句中谓语动词的习惯搭配来决定。例如:

This is the book on which I spent 8 yuan/for which I paid8 yuan.这是我花8元钱买的书。

2.可与相应的关系副词转换。

①表时间:介词十关系代词when

I still remember the afternoon 10 years ago when/on which you came to visit me. 我仍然记得10年前你拜访我的那个下午。

②表地点:介词十关系代词where

This is the house in which/where my father once lived. 这是我父亲曾经住过的房子。

3.定语从句中谓语动词是含有介词的动词短语时,介词要放在动词后,不能分开。

This is the key you are looking for.这就是你正在寻找的那把钥匙。

This is the baby whom you will look after.这就是你要照料的孩子。

语法专练:

1. Jane, _____I've shared just about everything since the first day of kindergarten, spent the weekend with me last month.  A. who           B. for whom     C. with whom          D. that

2. ---Where did you watch the national flag being raised at 8:08 0n August 8? ----It was on the square _____ I made a visit the other day.   A. which                  B. that  C. to which            D. to where

3. Finally I found the book in a downtown bookstore,______ my old friend Tom chanced to be the boss.

A. in where B. in which   C. of where    D. of which

4.  He was educated at the local high school, _____he went on to Beijing University.

A. after which               B. after that  C. in which                    D. in that

5. It is reported that two schools, _____are being built in my hometown, will open next year.

A. they both   B. which both C. both of them  D. both of which

6.  Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes _____ people were eaten by the tiger.                    A. in which      B. by which   C. which         D. that

7. This is a true story known to some old people, _____ happened in a remote village some twenty years ago.

A. it          B. what   C. which                                D. that

8. The place ____the bridge is supposed to be built should be  ________ the cross river traffic is the heaviest.

A. which; where  B. at which; which  C. at which; where   D. which ;in which

典例1(2008全国高考 I ,32) The weather was_____ cold that I didn't like to leave my room.

A. really          B. such           C. too                       D. so

典例 2,(2008江西高考,31)1t was announced that only when the fire was under control _______to return to their homes.

A. the residents would be permitted           B. had the residents been permitted

C. would the residents be permitted            D. the residents had been permitted

典例 3. (2008山东高考,27) Make sure you've got the passports and tickets and _____ before you leave.

A. something            B. anything   C. everything          D. nothing

典例4 (2008 山东高考23)______ was most important to her, she told me, was her family.

A. It             B. This     C. What                 D. As

典例5.(2008北京高考,26) After the long journey, the three of them went back home,______.

A. hungry and tiredly   B. hungry and tired   C. hungrily and tiredly  D. hungrily and tired

智能演练

1. Tom pretended _____ it; but in fact, he knew it very well.

A. not to listen to  B. not to hear about  C. not to have heard about  D. not to be listening to

2. Many people in China have never dreamed of ____ a chance for them to learn to drive after their retirement.

A. being          B. there          C. there to be                  D. there being

3. I can't give my son the leading position. ______,he is too young; secondly, I want Mr. Smith to have the job.

A. After all   B. For example   C. In the end     D. To begin with

4.  We were very tired and walked with difficulty, but we got home_____.

A. at all                 B. after all           C. above all           D. in all

5. He makes about  $ 1000 every week, much _____ is spent on books.

A. of which   B. in that    C. among which    D. of it

6. Some advertisements, like the environmental protection advertisement_____ to our conscience or our desire to be worthy citizens.         A. adapt               B. attach        C. appeal           D. adjust

7. We paid ____ cash in the hope that we can get 15%__________.

A. with; account  B. in; charge  C. by; count  D. in; discount

8. "Countless people in developing countries no longer suffer malnutrition._____, poverty remains a problem worldwide.

A. While       B. Nevertheless          C. Besides           D. In addition

9. A health care project can provide treatment____ half the cost or less, _____ the needs of the patient.

A. at; relied on    B. with; relying on      C. at; relying on        D. by; relies on

10. Big companies in Germany generally _____ the euro, while small manufacturers are nervous; big banks are in favor; small ones are against.       A. consist of  B. complain of  C. approve of   D. dream of

Ⅱ.句子翻译

l. 咱们得把好苹果拣出来,同坏的分开。(sort out)_______________________________

2. 他的各科成绩均佳,尤以英语为好。(above all)____________________________________

3.你可以指望我帮助你。(rely on)_________________________________________________

4. 你们要按照他们的方法去做试验。( perform)__________________________________

5. 科研工作要有耐心和奉献精神。( devotion)____________________________________________

完形填空:

Evelyn Glennie was the first lady of solo percussion in Scotland. In an interview, she recalled how she became a percussion soloist(打击乐器独奏演员 ) in spite of  her disability. "Early on I decided not to allow the l of others to stop me from becoming a musician. I grew up on a farm in northeast Scotland and began 2  piano lessons when I was eight. The older I got, the more my passion(酷爱) for music grew, But I also began to gradually lose my 3 . Doctors concluded that the nerve damage was the  4 and by age twelve, I was completely deaf. But my love for music never 5  me. "

"My 6 was to become a percussion soloist, even though there were none at that time, To perform, I 7 to hear music differently from others. I play in my stocking feet and can 8 the pitch of a note (音调高低)  by  the vibrations (振动)  I feel through my body and through my 9 . My entire sound world exists by making use of almost every 10 that I have. "

"I was 11 to be assessed as a musician, not as a deaf musician, and I applied to the famous Royal Academy of Music in London. No other deaf student had 12 this before and some teachers 13 my admission. Based on my performance, I was 14 admitted and went on to 15 with the academy's highest honors. "

"After that, I established myself as the first full-time solo percussionist. I 16  and arranged a lot of musical compositions since 17  had been written specially for solo percussionists. "

"I have been a soloist for over ten years.  18  the doctor thought I was totally deaf, it didn't  19  that my passion couldn't be realized. I would encourage people not to allow themselves to be 20 by others. Follow your passion; follow your heart. They will lead you to the place you want to go. "

1. A. conditions           B. opinions         C. actions                        D. recommendations

2. A. enjoying           B. choosing           C. taking                         D. giving

3. A. sight               B. hearing           C. touch                        D. taste

4. A. evidence           B. result              C. excuse                       D. cause

5. A. left               B. excited               C. accompanied           D. disappointed

6.A. purpose          B. decision               C. promise                    D. goal

7. A. turned            B. learned               C. used                   D. ought

8. A. tell               B. see                   C. hear                  D. smell

9. A. carefulness    B. movement                C. imagination            D. experience

10. A. sense             B. effort                  C. feeling                  D. idea

11. A. dissatisfied    B. astonished                 C. determined        D. discouraged

12. A. done              B. accepted               C. advised          D. admitted

13.A.supported       B. followed                  C. required       D. opposed

14. A. usually      B. finally                      C. possibly           D. hopefully

15. A. study            B. research               C. graduate         D. progress

16.A.wrote      B. translated                    C. copied           D. read

17. A. enough            B. some                C. many              D. few

18. A. However      B. Although                C. When             D. Since

19. A. mean      B. seem                        C. conclude           D. say

20. A. directed      B. guided                  C. taught                D. limited

Ⅳ .阅读理解

Many students have to eat their breakfasts on the way to school or have dinner in the cafeteria(学校食堂). But some of them don't really know how to eat well when eating out.

There are several important tips. The first is to try not to eat fast food as much as you can. The most obvious harm of eating too much fast food is weight gaining. Teens as well as adults are at risk of diseases related to weight.

Too much fast food can drag your body down in other ways. French fries, for example, were recently found to contain much more acrylamide (丙烯酰胺) than other food. This may cause cancer. In the US nine fast-food companies were accused of not telling the public that their potato chips contained this unhealthy chemical. Actually, deep fried food all contains acrylamide. So don't eat it too often.

Soda is another thing you may want to watch out for. Cokes and other sodas contain a lot of sugar and slow down a person's calcium(钙) absorption. Even diet coke can cause this problem, so it's best to drink as little soda as possible.

Food in the cafeteria at school may not be as tasty as fast food, but it's actually easier to make healthy choices. Human bodies need variety. You can arrange a dinner that balances proteins, vitamins and complex carbohydrates. In other words, a meal with fish or meat, vegetables and some steamed bread or rice will provide you with most nutrients that the body needs.

Some snacks, on the other hand, will help keep you going until your next big meal. It is natural for teenagers, especially boys, to feel hungry a lot during school time. Don't be embarrassed; take some foods, like whole-grain biscuits or low-fat yogurt(酸奶)in your school bag.

1. Eating too much ____ may get a disease concerning weight.

A. soda           B. coke           C. diet coke               D. fast food

2. The nine fast-food companies in the US were accused of ______.

A. selling fast food B. selling potato chips  C. selling acrylamide D. not telling the truth

3.  What material may decrease our calcium absorption?

A. protein        B. carbohydrate           C. vitamin         D. sugar

4.  According to the writer, _________ can certainly do good to us.

A. potato chips            B. fried food        C. biscuits       D. low fat yogurt

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